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EPBD requirements: everything you need to know

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EPBD requirements

Energy and carbon reporting may seem like just another box to tick, but these schemes can often lead to unexpected benefits for businesses. Even smaller reporting requirements such as DECs and EPCs, which are largely seen as an administrative nuisance, have their upsides. Complying with these EPBD requirements can lead to lower utility bills and a more sustainable future for your business.
Here is everything you need to know about the EPBD, and how to make compliance work for you.

What is the EPBD?

The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) was established to tackle emissions from new and existing buildings across the EU. DECs, EPCs and TM44 all fall under the scheme. Buildings accounted for 17% of the UK’s total greenhouse gas emissions in 2019. It is now mandatory for new builds to meet efficiency standards, but older buildings are also in desperate need of renovation. In 2018 75% of existing buildings were categorised as ‘energy inefficient’. There was some uncertainty around the UK continuing to follow the regulations set out in the EU agreement post-Brexit. Fortunately, the UK Environment Secretary Michael Gove released a statement outlining the UK’s continuing dedication to meet and even improve these standards.

Does my building need an EPBD certificate?

Staying compliant with EPBD legislation doesn’t have to be complicated. There are three main types of certification and which ones you need depends on your property.

Here are the three main EPBD requirements


DECs (Display Energy Certificates)

A DEC shows the buildings energy performance and is based on the consumption recorded over the previous 12 months. The rating system is from A to G, with an A rating having the lowest emissions and G having the highest.

These are required for any building larger than 250m2 that is frequently visited by the public. Alongside the DEC an advisory report is also required. These are valid for 10 years for any building up to 1000m2 and for 12 months for larger buildings.  Private organisations do not need to display a DEC but may voluntarily do so.

Benefits of a DEC

  • Improve energy efficiency
  • Decrease energy consumption and waste
  • Reduce utility costs
  • Lower emissions
  • Social benefits of taking environmental action
  • Preparation for future carbon reporting


TM44 air conditioner inspections

Any building installed with air conditioners must be inspected every 5 years. Your inspector will provide you with a certificate and a report showing how efficient the equipment is. This document will list any issues and suggest improvements you may be able to make.

Benefits of a TM44 inspection

  • Avoid non-compliance fines (£300 with an additional fixed penalty of £200 per building or unit if an organisation fails to supply a copy of their inspection report within seven days of request by an enforcement authority.)
  • Improve efficiency
  • Reduce electricity consumption
  • Decrease operating costs
  • Lower carbon emissions
  • Reduce maintenance needs
  • Improve controls and settings
  • Identify technical flaws


EPCs (Energy Performance Certificates)

This certificate is required when a property is built, sold or rented. It includes an efficiency rating from A to G and is valid for 10 years. Buildings that don’t achieve an E grade or higher cannot be sold or let.

Benefits of an EPC

  • Improve energy efficiency
  • Decrease energy consumption and waste
  • Provide transparency for buyers and/or tenants
  • Reduce utility costs
  • Lower emissions
  • Social benefits of taking environmental action
  • Preparation for future carbon reporting
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How can we help?

At National Utility Hub, we help guide our clients towards the most efficient and cost-effective energy management plan. We can offer end-to-end support of your accreditation process for any of the above schemes, as well as guidance on efficiency upgrades and sustainable solutions. This includes smart metering, bill validation, renewable energy procurement and exploring your on-site energy generation options. To learn more about EPBD and if your business needs to comply, contact us today for a free consultation.

Our offices will be closed for the Bank Holiday (Monday 29 August 2022).
If you have a query, please contact us from Tuesday 30 August onwards, and we
will be happy to deal with your query then.

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